Scope Of Speech Language Pathology

There is no denying that speech-language pathology has become a dynamic profession in today’s world. Pathologists in this field offer consistent services with their experience, education, and competence. They are basically professionals who can assess and diagnose disorders related to communication and swallowing that affects the speech. The role of speech-language pathologists is vast as they practice in a professional framework or independently, which includes collaboration with other professionals like nurses, audiologists, dieticians, physiotherapists, educators, physicians, child care staff and psychologists. They provide a wide range of clinical as well as related professional services.

Role of speech-language pathologists

Most people consider speech-language pathologists to be someone who helps when you are stuttering or lisping. Well, it is certainly true as they make every attempt to help people with such concerns. However, when it comes to their actual, it is much vast than you actually know.

These health professionals are well educated with a master’s degree. S-LPs need to study physiology and anatomy in addition to genetics, neuroanatomy, human and language development, acoustics, psychology, linguistics and more. Therefore, they are highly qualified to diagnose and treat a wide area leading to disorders and delays. Some of the treatments done by S-LPs have been listed below.

  • Delay in speech and other disorders which include phonology, articulation and motor speech disorders.
  • Delays and disorders related to language like comprehension and expression in non-verbal and oral contexts.
  • Stuttering and other fluency disorders.
  • Resonance and voice disorders.
  • Swallowing disorders in infants, children, and adults as well.
  • Cognitive-communicative disorders which include executive functions, problem-solving, reasoning, social communication skills and more.
  • Writing, reading comprehension, decoding, phonological awareness and other related literacy and pre-literacy skills.
  • Communication disorder due to hearing impairments, dementia, traumatic injury, neurological impairments, genetic and intellectual disorders.

Other Roles

Assessing and managing of educational environment is a role to be performed by S-LPs. Their job involves working in distinct sectors such as public health units, hospitals, schools, childcare centers, nursing homes and more. They also offer services through tele-practice whenever the need arises. Thus the S-LPs have a huge role to play as they have to deal with problems faced by children as well as adults. They are a boon for those facing communications and swallowing problems. However, before you seek the services of S-LPs it’s good to do a quick research to understand how good and effective they are.